Tuesday, August 17, 2010


D E A F:

2:18 - - Deaf dumb and blind they will not return (to the path).

2:171 - The parable of those who reject faith is as if one were to shout like a goat-herd to things that listen to nothing but calls and cries; deaf dumb and blind they are void of wisdom. 170 171

170 If you reject all faith, the highest wisdom and the most salutary regulations are lost on you. You are like "dumb driven cattle" who can merely hear calls, but cannot distinguish intelligently between shades of meaning or subtle differences of values. (2.171)

171 Cf ii. 18, where we are told that the rejectors of faith are "deaf, dumb and blind: they will not return to the path." Here the consequence of their not using their senses is that they have no wisdom. In each context there is just the appropriate deduction. (2.171)

5:71 - They thought there would be no trial (or punishment); so they became blind and deaf: yet Allah (in mercy) turned to them: yet again many of them became blind and deaf. But Allah sees well all that they do. 781

781 That is, they turned away their eyes from Allah's Signs and they turned a deaf ear to Allah's Message. (5.71)

6:39 - Those who deny our revelations are deaf and dumb in darkness. Whom Allah will He sendeth astray, and whom He will He placeth on a straight path.

8:22 - For the worst of beasts in the sight of Allah are the deaf and the dumb those who understand not. 1195

10:42 - Among them are some who (pretend to) listen to thee: but canst thou make the deaf to hear even though they are without understanding? 1434

1434 Cf. vi. 25, 36, 39 and notes. Hypocrites go to hear and see some great Teacher, but they get no profit out of it because they are not sincerely seeking the truth. They are like the blind, or the deaf, or the imbeciles. It is impossible to guide them, because they have not the will to be guided. (10.42)

17:97 - It is he whom Allah guides that is on true guidance; but he whom He leaves astray for such wilt thou find no protector besides Him. On the Day of Judgment We shall gather them together prone on their faces blind dumb and deaf: their abode will be Hell: every time it shows abatement We shall increase for them the fierceness of the Fire. 2302 2303

2302 'All your insincere subtleties are of no use. The only real guidance is the guidance of Allah. If you do not seek His grace, you will be lost. Besides Him, there is no true friend or protector'. (17.97)

2303 'If you still persist in your evil ways, what is to be your evil end? You will become more and more identified with the Company of Evil. You will come to shame and ignominy, like men thrown down prone on their faces. You will lose the use of all the faculties of judgment with which Allah has endowed you. Instead of seeing, you will be blind to Allah's Signs. Instead of having the power of seeking Him in prayer and rejoicing in His grace, you will be dumb. Instead of hearing the harmony and music of the spheres, as typified in the pure and harmonious lives of men, you will hear nothing or only hear dull or confused sounds like deaf men. The scorching fire of your punishment will not grow less, but grow more fierce as you go deeper into Hell'. (17.97)

21:45 - Say "I do but warn you according to revelation": but the deaf will not hear the call (even) when they are warned! 2706

2706 According to the English saying: "none is so deaf as those who will not hear". When they deliberately shut their ears to warning from the Merciful Allah, meant for their own good, the responsibility is their own. But their cowardice is shown in the next verse by their behaviour when the first breath of the Wrath reaches them. (21.45)

30:52 - So verily thou canst not make the dead to hear nor canst thou make the deaf to hear the call when they show their backs and turn away. 3570

3570 The marvels of Allah's creation can be realized in a general way by every one who has a disposition to allow such knowledge to penetrate his mind. But if men, out of perversity, kill the very faculties which Allah has given them, how can they then understand? Besides the men who deaden their spiritual sense, there are men who may be likened to the deaf, who lack one faculty but to whom an appeal can be made through other faculties, such as the sense of sight; but if they turn their backs and refuse to be instructed at all, how can the Truth reach them? (30.52)

43:40 - Canst thou (Muhammad) make the deaf to hear, or canst thou guide the blind or him who is in error manifest?

47:23 -Such are the men whom Allah has cursed for He has made them deaf and blinded their sight. 4848

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith
Hadith 4.235 Narrated by
Abu Musa Al Ashar

We were in the company of Allah's Apostle (during Hajj). Whenever we went up a high place we used to say: "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and Allah is Greater," and our voices used to rise, so the Prophet said, "O people! Be merciful to yourselves (i.e. don't raise your voice), for you are not calling a deaf or an absent one, but One Who is with you, no doubt He is All-Hearer, ever Near (to all things)."

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith
Hadith 2.453 Narrated by

The Prophet said, "They now realize that what I used to tell them was the truth. "And Allah said, "Verily! You cannot make the dead to hear (i.e. benefit them, and similarly the disbelievers) nor can you make the deaf hear (27.80)."

Sunan of Abu-Dawood
Hadith 4251 Narrated by

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There will be civil strife (fitnah) which will render people deaf, dumb and blind regarding what is right. Those who contemplate it will be drawn by it, and giving rein to the tongue during it will be like smiting with the sword.

Fiqh 4.111d

Supplicating with attention and humility, in a voice neither loud nor low.

Allah says: "Neither say your prayer aloud, nor speak it in a low tone, but seek a middle course between." Qur'an 17.110 And "Call on your Lord with humility and in private, for Allah does not love those who go beyond bounds." Qur'an 7.55

Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari reported, "Once the people raised their voices in supplication. At this the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, 'Be easy on yourselves. You are not calling upon someone deaf or absent.


D E A D:

2:260 - Behold! Abraham said: "My Lord! show me how thou givest life to the dead. He said: "Dost thou not then believe?" He said: "Yea! but to satisfy my own understanding." He said: "Take four birds; tame them to turn to thee; put a portion of them on every hill and call to them; they will come to thee (flying) with speed. Then know that Allah is Exalted in Power Wise." 306 307 308

6:36 - Those who listen (in truth) be sure will accept: as to the dead Allah will raise them up: then will they be turned unto Him. 857

857 There is a double meaning here. (1) If people listen to truth sincerely and earnestly, they must believe; even if the spiritual faculty is dead, God will by His grace revive it and they will come to Him, if they really try earnestly to understand. (2) The sincere will believe; but those whose hearts are dead will not listen, yet they cannot escape being brought to the Judgement Seat before him. (6.36)

2:154 - And say not of those who are slain in the way of Allah: "They are dead." Nay they are living though ye perceive (it) not. 158

158 The "patient perseverance and prayer" mentioned in the last verse is not mere passivity. It is active striving in the way of Truth, which is the way of God. Such striving is the spending of one's self in God's way, either through our property or through our own lives, or the lives of those nearest and dearest to us, or it may be the loss of all the fruits of a lifetime's labour not only in material goods but in some intellectual or moral gain, some position which seemed in our eyes to be eminently desirable in itself, but which we must cheerfully sacrifice if necessary for the Cause. With such sacrifice, our apparent loss may be our real gain: he that loses his life may really gain it; and the rewards or "fruits" that seem lost were mere impediments on our path to real inward progress. (2.154)

2:173 - He hath only forbidden you dead meat and blood and the flesh of swine and that on which any other name hath been invoked besides that of Allah but if one is forced by necessity without wilful disobedience nor transgressing due limits then is he guiltless. For Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful. 173 174

6:95 - It is Allah Who causeth the seed-grain and the date-stone to split and sprout. He causeth the living to issue from the dead and He is the one to cause the dead to issue from the living. That is Allah; then how are ye deluded away from the truth? 918 919 920

6:122 - Can he who was dead to whom We gave life and a Light whereby he can walk amongst men be like him who is in the depths of darkness from which he can never come out? Thus to those without faith their own deeds seem pleasing. 945

7:57 - It is He who sendeth the winds like heralds of glad tidings going before His mercy: when they have carried the heavy-laden clouds We drive them to a land that is dead make rain to descend thereon and produce every kind of harvest therewith: thus shall We raise up the dead: perchance ye may remember. 1036

10:31 - Say: "Who is it that sustains you (in life) from the sky and from the earth? Or who is it that has power over hearing and sight? And who is it that brings out the living from the dead and the dead from the living? And who is it that rules and regulates all affairs?" They will soon say "Allah." Say "Will ye not then show piety (to Him)?" 1422 1423 1424 1425

16:20 - Those whom they invoke besides Allah create nothing and are themselves created. 2043

16:21 - (They are things) dead lifeless: nor do thy know when they will be raised up. 2044

21:21 - Or have they taken (for worship) gods from the earth who can raise (the dead)? 2680 2681

21:34 - We granted not to any man before thee permanent life (here): if then thou shouldst die would they live permanently? 2696

2696 Life on this planet without death has not been granted to any man. The taunt of the Unbelievers at the holy Prophet was therefore futile. Could any of them live without death at some time or other? Could they name any one who did? (21.34)

22:6 - This is so because Allah is the Reality: it is He Who gives life to the dead and it is He Who has power over all things. 2778

23:41 - Then the Blast overtook them with justice and We made them as rubbish of dead leaves (floating on the stream of Time)! So away with the people who do wrong! 2900 2901

27:67 - The Unbelievers say: "What! when we become dust we and our fathers--shall we really be raised (from the dead)?

27:80 – Truly thou canst not cause the Dead to listen nor canst thou cause the Deaf to hear the call (especially) when they turn back in retreat. 3311

3311 The Prophet's responsibility was to preach and show the way. Men and women of goodwill had faith and accepted the Message. But he was not responsible for the obstinacy and perversity of men who turned away from Allah's Signs and rejected the Truth. (27.80)

30:19 - It is He Who brings out the living from the dead and brings out the dead from the living and Who gives life to the earth after it is dead: and thus shall ye be brought out (from the dead). 3522 3523

35:9 - It is Allah Who sends forth the Winds so that they raise up the Clouds and We drive them to a Land that is dead and revive the earth therewith after its death: even so (will be) the Resurrection! 3881

36:33 - The Unbelievers say: "What! when we become dust we and our fathers--shall we really be raised (from the dead)?

41:39 - And among His Signs is this: thou seest the earth barren and desolate; but when We send down rain to it it is stirred to life and yields increase. Truly He Who gives life to the (dead) earth can surely give life to (men) who are dead. For He has power over all things. 4510 4511

42:9 - What! Have they taken (for worship) protectors besides Him? But it is Allah He is the Protector and it is He Who gives life to the dead: it is He Who has power over all things. 4537

43:11 - That sends down (from time to time rain from the sky in due measure; and We raise to life therewith a land that is dead; even so will ye be raised (from the dead) 4614 4615

46:33 - See they not that Allah Who created the heavens and the earth and never wearied with their creation is able to give life to the dead? Yea verily He has power over all things. 4812

53:47 - That He hath promised a Second Creation (raising of the Dead) 5117

75:40-Has not He (the same) the power to give life to the dead?

Fiqh 4.21

Weeping Over the Dead

Muslim scholars are agreed that weeping for the dead is permissible, whereas crying and wailing are not.

Fiqh 4.22

Wailing over the Dead

Wailing refers to mourning in a loud voice and crying in a high pitch, which was prohibited by the Prophet, peace be upon him,

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Subjects

2. Dead animals
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.1 Page 6

3. Dead animals of the sea and dead locusts
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.1 Page 7

4. Dead animals that have no running blood, (that is) bees, ants, and so on
5. The bones, horns, claws, fur, feathers, skin and so on of dead


Al-Muwatta Subjects

1. Washing the Dead
16.1, 16.2, 16.3, 16.4

2. Shrouding the Dead
16.5, 16.6, 16.7

5. The Takbir over a Dead Man
16.14, 16.15, 16.16

6. What to Say in the Prayer for the Dead
16.17, 16.18, 16.19

7. Permission to Pray for the Dead After Subh until the Dawn is very Clear and After Asr until the Sun Becomes Yellow
16.20, 16.21

8. Doing the Prayer for the Dead in Mosques
16.22, 16.23

9. The Prayer over the Dead in General
16.24, 16.25, 16.26

10. Burying the Dead
16.27, 16.28, 16.29, 16.30, 16.31, 16.32

12. The Prohibition against Weeping over the Dead
16.36, 16.37

Fiqh 4.29

Washing a Dead Body

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Subjects
Death, Burial Preparation

1. Preparation for the Burial of the Dead
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 26

2. Washing the Dead
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 26

4. Washing Severed Parts of a Dead Body
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 26

8. Washing a Dead Body
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 29

Fiqh 4.76

The Prohibition Against Talking Ill of the Dead

Sahih Bukhari Hadith Subjects
Debt Transfering

2. Transferring the debt of a dead person
B 3.487

3. Validity of transferred debt of a dead person
B 3.488

Intention of repaying debts of a dead person
Sahih Bukhari Hadith Subjects

1. Last words: None has the right to be worshipped but Allah
B 2.329, B 2.330

2. Order of following funeral processions
B 2.331, B 2.332

3. Visiting deceased after his shrouding
B 2.333, B 2.334, B 2.335, B 2.336

4. Informing relatives of death
B 2.337, B 2.338

5. Conveying news about the funeral procession
B 2.339

6. The superiority of parents of deceased
B 2.340, B 2.341, B 2.342

7. Saying "Be patient" at the grave
B 2.343

8. Bathing the dead and the ablution
B 2.344

9. Washing an odd number of times
B 2.345

10. Starting from the right side when bathing dead
B 2.346

11. Starting with ablution parts
B 2.347

12. Shrouding a woman in waist-sheet of a man
B 2.348

13. Sprinkling camphor on dead body
B 2.349

14. Undoing the hair of dead female
B 2.350

15. Shrouding a dead body
B 2.351

16. Entwining hair of female in three braids
B 2.352

17. Hair falling at the back
B 2.353

18. White cloth for the shroud
B 2.354

19. Shrouding in two pieces of cloth
B 2.355

20. Perfuming the dead body
B 2.356

21. Shrouding a Muhrim
B 2.357, B 2.358

22. Shrouding in a shirt stitched or unstitched
B 2.359, B 2.360

23. Shrouding without using a shirt
B 2.361, B 2.362

24. Not using turban in shrouding
B 2.363

25. Shrouding with the price of all his property
B 2.364

26. If there is nothing except one piece of cloth
B 2.365

27. If sufficient cloth for shroud is not available
B 2.366

28. Preparing shroud before one's death
B 2.367

29. Women accompanying funeral procession
B 2.368

30. Women mourning for dead other than her husband
B 2.369, B 2.370, B 2.371

31. Visiting graves
B 2.372

32. "The deceased is punished because of the weeping of some of his relatives"
B 2.373, B 2.374, B 2.375, B 2.376, B 2.377

33. Wailing
B 2.378, B 2.379, B 2.380, B 2.381

34. "He who tears his clothes is not from us"
B 2.382

35. Sorrow of the Prophet or Sad bin Khaula
B 2.383

36. Shaving the head on the falling of a calamity

37. "He who slaps his cheeks is not from us"
B 2.384

38. Prohibition of wailing
B 2.385

39. Looking sad when afflicted with a calamity
B 2.386, B 2.387

40. Showing no signs of sorrow on calamity
B 2.388

41. Patience on first stroke of calamity
B 2.389

42. "Indeed, we are grieved by your separation"
B 2.390

43. Weeping near a patient
B 2.391

44. Scolding those who cry aloud
B 2.392, B 2.393

45. Standing for the funeral procession
B 2.394

46. Sitting after standing for funeral procession
B 2.395, B 2.396

47. Accompanying funeral procession and sitting
B 2.397

48. Standing for funeral procession of a Jew
B 2.398, B 2.399

49. Men, not women, are to carry the coffin
B 2.400

50. Hurrying with the coffin
B 2.401

51. Saying by the dead: "Take me quickly"
B 2.402

52. Aligning behind the Imam for funeral prayers
B 2.403

53. The rows for funeral prayer
B 2.404, B 2.405, B 2.406

54. Boys in rows with men for funeral prayer
B 2.407

55. The tradition of the funeral prayer
B 2.408

56. Superiority of following the funeral procession
B 2.409

57. Waiting till deceased is buried
B 2.410

58. Boys offering funeral prayers
B 2.411

59. Offering funeral prayer at Musalla or in Mosque
B 2.412, B 2.413

60. Establishing mosques over graves
B 2.414

61. Funeral prayer for woman who died in childbirth
B 2.415

62. Position of Imam when offering funeral prayer
B 2.416

63. Four Takbirs in funeral prayer
B 2.417, B 2.418

64. Recitation of Surat-ul-Fatiha in funeral prayer
B 2.419

65. Offering funeral prayer on the grave after burial
B 2.420, B 2.421

66. Deceased hears the footsteps of the living
B 2.422

67. Desiring to be buried in Sacred Land e.g. Medina
B 2.423

68. Burial at night
B 2.424

69. Building of mosques on graves
B 2.425

70. Getting down into the grave of a woman
B 2.426

71. The funeral prayer of a martyr
B 2.427, B 2.428

72. Burying two or three men in one grave
B 2.429

73. Bathing of the martyrs
B 2.430

74. Who should be put in the Lahd first
B 2.431

75. Putting Idhkhar and grass in the grave
B 2.432

76. Taking out the dead body from the grave
B 2.433, B 2.434, B 2.435

77. The Lahd and straight cut in the grave
B 2.436

78. Funeral prayer for a boy who became Muslim
B 2.437, B 2.438, B 2.439, B 2.440, B 2.441

79. If a pagan says: "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah" at the time of his death
B 2.442

80. Placing a leaf of a date-palm over the grave
B 2.443

81. Preacher delivering lecture at grave
B 2.444

82. Committing suicide
B 2.445, B 2.446

83. Funeral prayers for hypocrites
B 2.447

84. Praising the deceased
B 2.448, B 2.449

85. Punishment in the grave
B 2.450, B 2.451, B 2.452, B 2.453, B 2.454, B 2.455, B 2.456

86. To seek refuge with Allah from the punishment in the grave
B 2.457, B 2.458, B 2.459

87. Punishment in the grave because of backbiting and soiling one's clothes with urine
B 2.460

88. The deceased is shown his actual place in Hell or in Paradise
B 2.461

89. The speech of the deceased after it is lifted on the bier
B 2.462

90. Dead children of Muslims
B 2.463, B 2.464

91. Dead children of pagans polytheists
B 2.465, B 2.466, B 2.467, B 2.468

92. Dying on Monday
B 2.469

93. Sudden unexpected death
B 2.470

94. The graves of the Prophet Abu Bakr, Umar
B 2.471, B 2.472, B 2.473, B 2.474, B 2.475

95. Abusing the dead
B 2.476

96. Talking about the wicked among the dead
B 2.477

Al-Muwatta Subjects

1. Washing the Dead
16.1, 16.2, 16.3, 16.4

2. Shrouding the Dead
16.5, 16.6, 16.7

3. Walking in Front of the Bier
16.8, 16.9, 16.10, 16.11

4. Prohibition against Following the Bier with a Burning Torch
16.12, 16.13

5. The Takbir over a Dead Man
16.14, 16.15, 16.16

6. What to Say in the Prayer for the Dead
16.17, 16.18, 16.19

7. Permission to Pray for the Dead After Subh until the Dawn is very Clear and After Asr until the Sun Becomes Yellow
16.20, 16.21

8. Doing the Prayer for the Dead in Mosques
16.22, 16.23

9. The Prayer over the Dead in General
16.24, 16.25, 16.26

10. Burying the Dead
16.27, 16.28, 16.29, 16.30, 16.31, 16.32

11. Stopping for Funerals and Sitting in Graveyards
16.33, 16.341, 16.35

12. The Prohibition against Weeping over the Dead
16.36, 16.37

13. Contentment in the Face of Misfortune
16.38, 16.39, 16.40

14. Contentment in the Face of Misfortune Generally
16.41, 16.42, 16.43

15. Digging Up Graves
16.44, 16.45

16. Burial in General
16.46, 16.47, 16.48, 16.49, 16.50, 16.51, 16.52, 16.53, 16.54, 16.55, 16.56, 16.57, 16.58

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Subjects
Death, Dying

1. Contemplation of Death and Preparation for it by Good Deeds
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 13

2. It is Not Proper for a Person to Wish for Death
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 13

3. Excellence of a Long Life Enriched with Good Deeds
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 14

4. Good Deeds Prior to Death: An Indication of a Good End
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 15

5. Desirability of Having a Good Opinion about Allah
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 15

6. Desirability of Supplications and Remembrance of Allah for Those Visiting Someone on his Deathbed
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 15

7. What Should be Done When Someone Dies
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 16

8. On Invoking Allah Upon Witnessing Death, and Saying "Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raja'un"
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 19

9. Informing the Deceased's Family and Friends
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 20

10. Weeping Over the Dead
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 21

11. Wailing Over the Dead
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 22

12. Mourning for a Deceased
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 23

13. Preparing Food for the Bereaved Family is Encouraged
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 23

14. Preparing the Kafan (Shroud) and Grave Before Death
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 24

15. Desire to Die in the Haramain
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 25

16. Sudden Death
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 25

17. Reward of a Person Losing a Child
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 25

18. Life-Span of Muslims
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 26

19. Death: A Form of Rest
Fiqh us-Sunnah Vol.4 Page 26